The implementation of a homemade wine canteen at Dal Pra's farm aims to enable technically and economically the family farm trough the value aggregation to grape growing, generating income from the trade of fresh and processed product (wine and juice).

 

Even with the reduction of the production area due to the partition of the land, the implementation of the homemade wine canteen allowed the family maintenance at the rural area.

 

A - General Information

 

START: April 2004 (in progress)

EXECUTING ENTITY: Institute of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension of Paraná - EMATER

CO-EXECUTING ENTITY: Municipal Council of Capitão Leônidas Marques - State of Paraná

PARTNERSHIPS: Brazilian Agricultural Research Cooperation - EMBRAPA; Corporation of Agricultural and Livestock Research and Rural Extension of the State of Santa Catarina - EPAGRI

PRESENTED BYOdilson Peliser

RESOURCES: Own and third-party resources

COST RANGE: Over USD 25 thousand (cost of implementing the orchard and wine canteen)

CATEGORY: Reference Unit

MAIN THEMATIC AREA: Socio-productive inclusion

KEY WORDS: Fruit Culture; Income; Diversification; Colonial Wine; EMATER

TARGET PUBLIC: Family farmers with small available areas of land, who already have or are interested in implementation grape growing and wine production.

LOCATION: Rural area

GEOGRAPHIC COVERAGE: Municipal

SPECIFIC IMPLEMENTATION AREA: Municipality of Capitão Leônidas Marques - State of Paraná

 

 

B - Practice Description

 

1-BACKGROUND

The Dal Prá family had the typical family-owned rural property, where they traditionally produced wheat, soybean and corn to ensure their income. After a family succession, the 58-hectar property was divided among the children in order to keep them in the countryside. In 2004, Mr Laire Dal Prá was left with an area of 2.5 hectares, of which 0.7 hectares was used to cultivate Bordo, Niagara and Isabella grapes and produce wine for family consumption.

This significant reduction of the productive area, due to the succession, caused a direct impact on the couple's income. This situation revealed the need to expand the grape plantation area from 0.7 hectares to 1.1 hectares in order to add value to production, since the Bordo grape has a low market value.

Colonial wine production has always been a good option for generating income in the family farms of the municipality because it adds commercial value to grape production. The main limitation is related to the quality of the product, which is normally low due to faults in the preparation techniques or to the poor quality of raw material.

The family dreamed of producing its own wine and providing a new income option for the property, so it searched for alternatives to achieve this objective.

 

2- OVERALL GOAL

To make a small rural property financially feasible by improving the quality of raw material and adding value by producing and transforming grapes in to wine and juice.

 

3 - ADOPTED SOLUTION

The project implementation stages were the following:

1. Contact between interested producers and the technical assistance team of the Institute of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension of Paraná - EMATER. Identification of the productive potential of the property to define a proposal for increasing the cultivation of American grapes and improving the quality of raw material for colonial wine production;

2. EMATER presentation of cultures with a high production capacity in the property;

3. Excursion to properties that produce colonial wine, with the orientation of EMATER, in neighbouring municipalities;

4. Definition of new cultures Technologies and activities calendar to implement in the cultivated area. The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - EMBRAPA oversaw the installation process of the Reference Unit and provided all the necessary support for technology transfers;

5. Practical meeting to define and oversee installation of the production framework and support systems;

6. Root stock production and grafting the following year;

7. Practical meetings on the techniques of conduction, fertilization and pest and disease control;

8. First grape production one and a half years after grafting the first varieties;

9. Installation of a colonial wine canteen at the end of 2007.

Other actions:

  • Participation in the wine production course at the School of Wine, organized by EMATER;
  • Training and refresher courses, by the Corporation of Agricultural and Livestock Research and Rural Extension of the State of Santa Catarina - EPAGRI, for the EMATER technical team responsible for implementing the grape and wine production project in western Paraná.

 

4 - RESULTS

  • Expansion of the grape culture area from 0.7 hectares to 1.1 hectares;
  • Increased gross annual revenue from BRL 4,000.00 with the production of grains to BRL 100,000.00 with the production of grapes and the sale of wine;
  • Annual production of 12,500 bottles of wine in 2014;
  • Indirect job creation;
  • Reduced soil erosion by implementing permanent natural plant cover;
  • Reuse of wine production waste for fertilizing the grape orchard.

 

 

5 - NECESSARY RESOURCES

Structure for increasing the production of wine grapes, such as raised platforms, wires, fertilizers, agrochemicals;

Family labour;

Equipment, such as a pulveriser and tractor (grape production), fermentation barrels, storage barrels, grape picker, cooler, pumps, bottles and labelling material (wine production and bottling).

Note: The Municipal Council of Capitão Leônidas Marques allowed access to facilities for part of the project seedling production, to reduce the farmer’s labour. However, this is not a project requirement.

 

 

6 - TRANSFER

The Reference Unit was used to divulge the proposed technology during several of the excursions to different regional municipalities. Every year, the unit is visited by 120 farmers, on average. This practice was replicated in properties in the municipalities of Braganey, Cascavel, Céu Azul and Lindoeste.

 

7 - LESSONS LEARNED

In addition to adding value to grapes, the produced wine can be sold all year round, unlike natural products that must be sold within a short period.

The difficulty of registering the canteen at the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply - MAPA - is still a major hindrance. Given the small productive scale of the canteen, product registration would raise costs to the point of making the business unfeasible. An increase in the production scale could be possible, but there are no guarantees that the local market will absorb the product in the short term. For a production of up to 10 thousand litres of wine per year, the product can be sold directly in the rural property or in a few local points of sale.

Permanent technical assistance is also important to accompany the producers during the implementation and continued production orientation process. Similarly, the farmers must be aware of the challenges they must face in relation to climate conditions, financial resources and labour.

Activity calendars facilitate monitoring and the division of responsibilities between the producer and the technician.

 

8 - ORIGINALITY OF THE PRACTICE 

The project is historically executed by family farmers in the western, south-western and southern region of the State of Paraná. Additions to the project were the methodological strategy, and the qualification of the raw material and wine production process based on wine production technology created by the EMBRAPA Grape and Wine, of Bento Gonçalves-RS.

 

Practice visits can be previously scheduled for the following periods:

July/August – winter treatment, pruning and tasting.

December/January – harvesting, wine preparation and tasting.

 

Number of visitors: from 01 to 25.

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