The legitimate Solidarity Experience is formed and carried out by certain individuals who own the same interests and principles and willing to experience it in a common life. It consists initially to make available to the community members the property they consider surplus, socializing the heritage no matter how small, to sponsor the common use, activities in a joint effort, the sharing of food and knowledge.

 


The main goals of living in Solidarity Experience are the rescue of mutual sense of confidence through a fraternal conviviality, the availability of productive fronts that promote the productive social inclusion and the establishment of new living relations that shows the interdependence and reciprocal collaboration.

 

 

A - General Information

 

START: November 2002 (in progress)

EXECUTING AGENT: Community Association of Terceiro Plano

PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS: City Hall of Contenda-PR and Paraná Institute of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension - Emater

PRESENTED BYEdson Nunes Campos

RESOURCES: Own

VALUE RANGE: Up to U$5000,00

CATEGORY: Reference Unit

MAIN THEMATIC AREA: Socio-productive inclusion

KEYWORDS: Rural Development site; Associations; Community of Terceiro Plano; Family Agriculture; Quality of Life; Spirituality; Community.

TARGET AUDIENCE: Family farmers, settlers and quilombo groups.

LOCATION: Rural Area

GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE: Micro-regional

SPECIFIC IMPLEMENTATION AREA: Municipalities of Quitandinha, Lapa and Contenda.

 

 

B - Practice Description

 

1- BACKGROUND

Before the implementation of the Solidarity Experience, some of the families involved demonstrated through participatory diagnosis, considerable uncertainty about the stability of the family unit because of constant changes in income throughout the year, with per capita income of approximately R$ 100.00 monthly. Farmers had difficulty managing the activities already performed in solidarity. The financial control models available did not fit in the adopted work logic. Families undertook a large part of household income to purchase food, clothing, hygiene and cleaning. Some farmers had difficulties in purchasing inputs due to the impossibility to transport the volumes to their property.

The lack of opportunities for young people, exposure to drugs and growth of violence in rural areas have also been identified as risk factors for family stability. The families expressed low self-esteem, because most of the homes had even painting the walls or gardens, much less leisure options for children and entertainment for adults. That fact, some families had a life of relative comfort, others a hard life, dealing with the reality of unemployment. But all had in common a restricted happiness, an empty daily, based on appearances. However it was possible to identify willingness to find solutions in order to minimize the factors that limited their welfare. 

 

2 - GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Promote a sustainable process of local economic growth that preserves nature and redistribute the fruits of growth in favor of those who are inserted, improving the quality of life and allowing all enjoy the results.

Specific objectives:

  • Redemption of mutual sense of confidence through a brotherly coexistence in harmony with nature;
  • Availability of productive fronts favoring socio-productive inclusion;
  • Promote greater interaction among community members with the establishment of new relations of experience showing the interdependence and mutual cooperation through the implementation of a participatory management system;
  • Group of financial management improvement and reduction of various costs.

 

3 – ADOPTED SOLUTION

The Solidarity Experience keeps a single fund resources for all the needs of the families involved, consisting of the full share of their property by adopting such mechanisms as:

Collective Buying: Initially, the discussions to reach consensus - definition of items of groceries list; exclusion of unhealthy items; inclusion of healthy products that fit the group's budget; feeding children; comparison of the money spent by households before and after the practice started. Each family, according to their size, may also adopt a maximum value for the purchase, looking stipulate the amounts of each list item established by the group and come together to negotiate their needs and make concessions.

Community Financial Mechanism: scheme composed of "bags" obtainers specific percentages of any collection. All money raised by the community or group, can only be moved by this mechanism. These scholarships will form funds with resources for all community needs or group interested in adopting it. Funds will be reserved exclusively for certain purposes. Clarity and transparency are fundamental to the overall health of the entire community environment. Each group can make a different distribution, according to the costs and storage.

Capabilities: various sectors of production and training were created, namely: Organic Agriculture (50ha), communal kitchen and confectionery, dairy goat, experimental graphic, carpentry, concrete artifacts production.

Agroecology: The agriculture is in an agroecological basis where, besides the organic and diversified farming for their own consumption, food is produced fresh and processed in supplying some supermarkets in Curitiba and also Institutional Programmes.

 

4 - ACHIEVEMENT

Application of Collective Buying caused immediate monetary savings, reduction in the cost of groceries, supplies and other family needs. The general scheme of the expenditure was 15% in the first two years, increasing gradually in the following years. The group of six families of farmers in 1992 had a per capita income of R$ 100.00, according to a study of the graduate program in Environment and Development at the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR) in 2012 had a per capita income of R$ 583.00 considering the monetary income only. In the same study with the current eighteen families, also considering non-monetary income, which expresses more clearly the quality of life, families would Estimated Monthly Gross Income, worth R$ 2,685.61 (4.3 minimum salaries). 

With the completion of the collective way of collections we could better manage spending. Even in times of economic downturn due to various economic plans implemented in our country, there was a part of a growing group in the quality of life.

All eighteen families now have homes with complete sanitation, electronics, home appliances and telephone network, common area with playground, space for recreation and sports. The headquarters of the association now has internet access, multi-purpose auditorium for meetings and lectures and movie theater for family leisure with capacity for 170 people. They also have daily cafeteria that serves 46 people. 

 

5 - REQUIRED RESOURCES

Currently, the Terceiro Plano Community, with the implementation of the Solidarity Experience has: 

  • multipurpose auditorium for meetings and lectures;
  • area for sports and movie theater for leisure families;
  • dining room accommodating up to 46 people, communal kitchen and confectionery;
  • area for development of organic agriculture and animal husbandry;
  • joinery and location for production of concrete articles;
  • farm tractor and two transport vehicles for marketing;
  • decent housing and comfortable for families.

Developed tasks are performed by community members. Public and municipal councils agencies also assist with knowledgeable staff, monitoring the practices developed.

 

6 - TRANSFER

The last two years about 280 people have taken knowledge of these practices, either through visits or by direct interaction with the production and training sectors. In the municipality of Lapa, Paraná, there are now associations of farmers and agrarian reform settlers, as Lapa's Association of Purchase and Sales Community - ALACOVEC and the Cooperative Free Land, which are gradually adopting the practices developed for Solidarity Experience. Other entities recently sought more information for replication of the practice:

  • EMATER Alagoas Technical team
  • EMATER Federal District Technical team
  • EMATER Paraná Technical team
  • Ecovida Network Participative Certification
  • FETAEP - Paraná Agriculture workers Federation
  • ICEA - Institute for Ethical and Environmental Certification (Bologna - Italy)

 

7 - LESSONS LEARNED

Sometimes it took us to initiate certain practices due to the factor innovation, unprecedented, the little available exemplification. Only with other well-established and fully established practices could take the following steps. To perform a new experience so there can be no pressure to meet deadlines, but there must be conceptual provocation and organization by the executing team. 

In Collective Buying, in the practical application of the then visualized and planned, some goals that were established could not be carried out according to the schedule. Because it is an activity where normally personal tastes, preferences and "needs" are peculiar, the practice of collective buying asks farmers to dialogue and interact, thinking about the best for the whole family and for the whole group. This can go on for a longer time than expected, if not properly estimated.

The clarity and transparency in the implementation of the Community Financial Mechanism and the management of resources exclusively by the Community Council are fundamental to the overall health of the practical and the entire community environment. 

 

8 - ORIGINALITY OF THE PRACTICE 

The Community Financial Mechanism is an application of the concepts of Solidarity Finance and Social coins. It is a branch of Solidarity Economy.

 

There is the possibility of visiting the practice during all months of the year on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Number of visitors: 01-30.

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