The West region of Paraná stands out for its high production of grains, pigs and poultry, but still has communities in extreme social vulnerability, such as quilombolas (maroons) and indigenous. Among these groups, prevail yet poverty and scarcity of natural resources, due the lack of resources and food insecurity, put in risk the  survival of  these communities in rural areas. The Food Acquisition Program (FAP) appears in this scenario, as an economic solution and food to traditional peoples.

 

 

These agreements guarantee an approximate income of R $ 6,500.00 per year for each of the 15 quilombolas suppliers. The surplus production is sold in coffee shops, local markets and restaurants, providing an additional income in R $ 4,071.66 annually. Thus, the annual household income increased from R $ 4,224.00 to R $ 10,571.66. For the Indians, the agreement enabled the annual transfer of 45 tons of food, minimizing problems of the communities for food acess and nutritional deficiency control.

  

A - General information

 

START: June 2006 (in progress)

EXECUTING ENTITY: Office of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension of Parana (EMATER)

CO-EXECUTING ENTITIES: Ministry of Social Development, State Department of Labor, Employment and Solidarity Economy, State Office of Agriculture and Supply (SEAB) and Municipal Office of Social Action

Obs.:: State Department of Labor, Employment and Solidarity Economy was responsible for deploying the food acquisition program until the year 2014. From the year 2015, the institution that is responsible for the Food Acquisition Program with Simultaneous Donation is the State Department of Agriculture and Supply

PARTNERS:  Company Eletrosul 

PRESENTED BY: Rita de Cássia Ribeiro

RESOURCES:  Third parties 

VALUE RANGE: Above U$25,000.00

CATEGORY: Project

MAIN THEMATIC AREA: Food and nutritional security

KEYWORDS: Food acquisition program, Quilombolas, Indigenous people, Traditional Peoples, Combating poverty, Food Insecurity, EMATER, Rural Extension, Family Agriculture

TARGET AUDIENCE: Quilombolas Communities, Indigenous Communities

LOCATION: Rural area

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE: Municipalities of Guaíra and Terra Roxa, State of Paraná

SPECIFIC AREA OF DEPLOYMENT:

Indigenous villages: Aldeia Karumbey (Guaíra-PR), Aldeia Tekohá Porã (Guaíra-PR), Aldeia Tekohá Jevy (Guaíra-PR), Aldeia Marangatu (Guaíra-PR), Aldeia Y'Hovy (Guaíra-PR), Aldeia Mirim (Guaíra-PR), Aldeia Araguaju (Terra Roxa-PR)

Quilombola Community: Manoel Ciriaco dos Santos (Guaíra-PR)

 

B - Description of the practice

 

1- BACKGROUND

The Quilombola community "Manoel Ciriaco dos Santos", located in the municipality of Guaíra, far west of Paraná, is composed by descendants of slaves from the interior of Minas Gerais. After a saga of adversity and a lot of work on crops across the country, the family of Mr. Manoel Ciriaco, arrived in the South in 1962, where they had purchased a property of 24.20 ha covered by native forest. The clearing of the area was succeeded by subsistence crops and farms, promoting the income and livelihoods necessary for the collectiveness, composed then by 80 people. Over the years, however, this reality has changed as a result of adverse climatic events of the economic difficulties and scarcity of the area, generating the dispersion and evasion of the families of the rural area.

In the 90s, the EMATER Institute found that the community reduced to 42 people, who today survive thanks to the labor force in the small portion of land and the provision of services to neighbor farmers. In the process getting rid of the small property, since successive cultivation of cassava led to the depletion of the soil and consequently a reduction in productivity, the group was in a continuous cycle of frustrations concerning the results of the harvest and indebtedness of households.

At the same time, between the years 2004 to 2008, there was an intense migratory flow of ethnic indigenous guarani people from Mato Grosso do Sul, to the cities of Guaíra and Terra Roxa. These cities were surprised with the new populational demand of approximately 1,800 people, which resulted in the formation of villages without a minimum structure and support. Indigenous communities faced then a reality of extreme poverty and consequent shortage in food supply.

In this context, the present project is justified in order to ensure that Technical Assistance in Rural Extension (ATER) acts with two traditional peoples in extreme social vulnerability, on two fronts of action, the first, hunger combat of the indigenous communities and the second, the generation of employment and income of the quilombola community.

 

2- GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Promote employment and income-generating actions, related to food production and for the fight against hunger and poverty.

Specific objectives:

  • Train and professionalize family farmers/quilombolas, involved in income-generating activities (olericulture);
  • Perform actions to combat hunger and poverty, through the provision of food, prioritizing as target audience communities in social vulnerability;
  • Promote the inclusion of young people and women in productive activities, offering new perspectives of income in the rural area;
  • Promote the improvement of the quality of life, well-being and health of the population covered by the project.

 

3 - SOLUTION ADOPTED

In order to keep quilombolas families in the countryside, the EMATER Institute planned with the community, the implementation of practices that generate employment and income. It was considered the importance of inclusion of young people and women, for maximum use of natural potential of labor factor that resulted in the deployment of 01 ha community garden.

The group was a beginner in the activity and had no experience in growing vegetables, therefore training and capacitation was essential. In the first year of work, the institute promoted courses, field afternoons, meetings and trainings, making this audience able for production. With the exception of the elderly, children, or people with physical limitations, the community involved as a whole with the work, executing the actions collectively and distributing tasks according to the natural aptitude of its members. Young people and women specialized in training and transplanting of seedlings, management and operation of the garden and artisanal processing of products, through baking. Whereas the young men and women represent 66.6% of the suppliers, the inclusion of gender and generation in the production process, contributed to the permanence of the quilombolas in the field, in addition to stimulating the self-esteem and autonomy of the segment.

In the second year of implementation of the garden, it was noticed that despite advances, the debt and the lack of resources for new investments prevented larger increments to the enterprise. Thinking about these gaps, the EMATER Institute forwarded proposals to obtain a set of irrigation and inputs (lime, agricultural tools, fertilizers and seeds). The transfers of resources occurred through the State Department of Labor (inputs) and Eletrosul (set for irrigation). These achievements were fundamental to the success of the activity.

At the same time, ATER detected the weaknesses and food insecurity of indigenous peoples. The chosen tool to face the challenges of hunger and income generation was the Food Acquisition Program with Simultaneous Donation. Finally, after three consecutive years of work, an unusual partnership for the food supply was created with the quilombola community garden, for the indigenous villages of the region, fighting hunger and food shortages, where the main victims were children.

The prospect of the new proposals are based on the expansion of supply and delivery of a more diverse range of products, since new quilombola supplier will adhere to the program.

 

4 - RESULTS ACHIEVED

In 2009, the first agreement of Direct Purchase with Simultaneous Donation was signed, between the State Department of Labor and the Association Manoel Ciriaco dos Santos. Such an agreement assumed the delivery commitment of 45.5 tons of food to the indigenous communities of the municipality, thus forming a true solidarity network. Since then, the agreements are held annually, meeting the needs of 07 indigenous villages (about 950 people) as direct beneficiaries, minimizing the problem of hunger in the region.

Although about 15 quilombolas suppliers answer contractually for the Agreements, this benefit extends to the entire community. The profits are distributed equally and revert to the families. The annual income per supplier is approximately R$ 6,500.00.

For the 2016 Agreements, signed with the Ministry of Social Development, the estimate is that the proposal will have 22 quilombolas suppliers and the delivery of food will reach 70 tons, 53.84% more compared to the previous agreement. We point out that the accession of new members to the agreements is due to the fact that young people have reached the productive age.

 

1 - Results achieved at the Quilombola Community:

  • Community organization in association: " Community Association Negra Manoel Ciriaco dos Santos", recognized as remnants of quilombolas by the Palmares Foundation in 2008;
  • Implementation of income-generating activities, through the formation of a community garden of 01 hectare;
  • Acquisition of irrigation set worth R$ 20,000.00 and inputs in the amount of R$ 10,000.00, forwarded to Eletrosul and the State Department of Labor;
  • Inclusion of young people and women in the generated productive and economic process;
  • Income guarantee through the insertion of the community in the institutional markets - food acquisition program (FAP), with Simultaneous Donation;
  • The agreements guarantee an income of approximately R$ 6,500.00 for 15 quilombolas suppliers. The surplus of the production is sold in coffee shops, local markets and restaurants, promoting an additional income in R$ 4,071.66. In this way, the annual income of the families has evolved from 4,224.00 R$ to R$ 10,571.66;
  • The Institute in partnership with the COHAPAR, entered the community in the national program for Rural Housing, and one housing unit was built for each of the seven families. The forecast is that 5 more houses will be built.

Click to see the chart with the commercialization channels and the earned income:

 2 - Results achieved at the Indigenous Community:

  • The FAP enabled the transfer of 45 tons of food annually, minimizing food shortages and nutritional problems at the indigenous communities;
  • Meeting the needs of approximately 200 indigenous families, amounting a total of almost 1,000 persons;
  • Organization of the indigenous communities in Associations, to facilitate their insertion in the program, such as the Indigenous Association Tekone`mboguatá, the Guarani Indigenous Association and the Teko Pyaru Association;
  • Formation of a community garden at the Marangatu village;
  • Empowerment of Marangatu and Tekohá Jevy indigenous communities and the production of oleraceous, aimed at the consumption and later generation of income, with the perspective of institutional markets resale.

 

5 - RESOURCES NEEDED

Human and material resources::

- 01 Agricultural Engineer / Agricultural Technician, 01 vehicle and operating expenses (ceded by the Emater Institute);
- Administrative technicians from the State Department of Labor (ceded by the State of Paraná).

Imputs:

- irrigation set;
- Inputs (lime, agricultural tools, fertilizers and seeds).

 

 

6 - TRANSFER

The processes of transfer of this initiative generated so far, in function of the quilombola community have become a reference in the activity of the olericulture, receiving, visits and excursions from other municipalities, especially schools and universities of the region. Normally, visitors use the time to explore the cultural diversity, extending the visit to the indigenous villages.

 

7 - LESSONS LEARNED

In this experiment, ATER has shown that it is possible to combine the promotion of local productive arrangements, with actions directed to the eradication of hunger and poverty, giving visibility to traditional populations with social vulnerability.

One of the main obstacles encountered was the delivery logistics of products, since this reduces the margin of profits earned by suppliers, in this case the quilombolas.

 

8 - ORIGINALITY OF THE PRACTICE

This is an original practice, without similar initiative identified in the region.

 

 

 

The visits take place between the months of March and December, restricted to a maximum of 20 people.

 

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