The Pact for Restoration of Riparian Forest in the Hydrographic Basins of Tijucas and Biguaçu Rivers, and the Basin of Contiguás (Pact of Riparian Forest) seeks to articulate public and private institutions, governments, businesses, the scientific community and landowners to integrate its efforts and resources for the restoration of riparian forests in the 14 municipalities that are part of the Hydrographic Basins of Tijucas and Biguaçu Rivers, and the Basin of Contiguás.

Launched in 2011, the Pact for Restoration of Riparian Forest has resulted in the diagnosis and development of 41 restoration projects, of which 21 projects were implemented, with the actual planting of 6,824 native seeds.

 

A - General Information

 

START: September 2011 (ongoing)

EXECUTING ENTITY: Management Committee of the Hydrographic Basins of Tijucas and Biguaçu Rivers and Contiguous Basins – Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee

PARTNERS: Local Governments and Rural Workers Union of the 14 municipalities which are part of the Hydrographic Basins of Tijucas and Biguaçu Rivers and Contiguous Basins (Angelina, Antônio Carlos, Biguaçu, Bombinhas, Canelinha, Governador Celso Ramos, Itapema, Leoberto Leal, Major Gercino, Nova Trento, Porto Belo, Rancho Queimado, São João Batista e Tijucas); Santa Catarina State Department of Sustainable Economic Development – SDS/SC; Bombinhas Environment Foundation – FAMAB; Union of Construction Bricks and Ceramic Factories of Vale do Rio Tijucas – SINCERVALE; Çarakura Institute; Auto Pista Litoral Sul; Sulcatarinense Mineração; Artefatos de Cimento, Britagem e Construções Ltda and Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation – ICMBio

PRESENTED BY: Adalto Gomes, Edison Roberto Mendes Baierle, José Leal Silva Junior, Alessandra dos Anjos, Aline Luiza Tomazi, Tiago Manenti Martins and William Wollinger Brenuvida

RESOURCES: Third party

VALUE RANGE: Up to USD 5,000.00

CATEGORY: Project

MAIN THEMATIC AREA: Environment

KEY WORDS: Ecological Restoration, Riparian Forest, Water Resources Management, Hydrographic Basin Committee, Environmental Education, Environment.

TARGET AUDIENCE: Owners of lands with river sources located on the banks of the watercourses, within the Hydrographic Basins of Tijucas and Biguaçu Rivers and Contiguous Basins. Entities to develop / replicate the practice, Foundations and Municipal Departments of Agriculture and / or Environment, Associations and / or Rural Workers Unions, Hydrographic Basins Management Committees and other environment agencies.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE: Micro-regional

Municipalities in the Micro-region: The initiative takes place in the municipalities of Angelina, Antônio Carlos, Biguaçu, Bombinhas, Canelinha, Governador Celso Ramos, Itapema, Leoberto Leal, Major Gercino, Nova Trento, Porto Belo, Rancho Queimado, São João Batista e Tijucas, all of them in the State of Santa Catarina.

SPECIFIC AREA OF DEPLOYMENT: 

Hydrographic Basins of Tijucas and Biguaçu Rivers and Contiguous Basins.

 

B - Description of the Practice

 

1- BACKGROUND

Rivers and other water bodies of the Hydrographic Basins of Tijucas and Biguaçu Rivers and Contiguous Basins are not the same as years ago. Throughout the occupation history, much of its riparian forests were destroyed. Pollution and silting have been causing socio-economic and environmental damage all over the region. 

The region has approximately 527 km2 in permanent preservation area (APP) on the banks and sources of rivers, according to the Brazilian Forest Code. In 2006, there were approximately 198 km2 of this area in violation of the Forest Code, that is, areas of riparian forests along the rivers and sources of rivers whose native vegetation had been removed. 
Such finding was causing great concern to Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee, which is a local collegiate body of normative, consultative and deliberative nature, according to the National Water Resources Policy, formed by representatives of the Government, Civil Society and Water Users.

To this end, given the responsibility related to the protection of riparian forests, Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee established in 2011, together with representatives of the municipalities of the region, the Pact of the Riparian Forest. Since then, it has been developing actions for conservation and restoration of riparian forests in the region. 

 

2- GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Stimulate public and private institutions, as well as owners of lands with sources of rivers on the banks of watercourses, for the restoration and preservation of the riparian forest.

Specific objectives:

  • Promote educational activities to stimulate environmental preservation and restoration of the riparian forest;
  • Implement riparian forest restoration projects;
  • Stimulate the elaboration of municipal policies to stimulate the restoration of the riparian forest.

 

3 - SOLUTION ADOPTED

The actions for the Pact of the Riparian Forest began in 2011. For the implementation of the Pact targets, the following strategic actions are performed:

  • Educational actions and mobilization - production and distribution of primers and posters. Lectures and contests in schools, meetings with municipal leaders for dissemination and implementation of the registry of parties interested in the restoration of riparian forests;

  • Registry of parties interested in restoring and funding the restoration of riparian forests – conducted by local community leaders or directly with the Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee;

  • Environmental diagnosis of the areas of riparian forest to be restored - performed by the technical staff of the Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee, together with the owners of the areas to be restored, after the registration of interested parties. From the diagnosis the Riparian Forest restoration project and its implementation are defined. Each landowner is oriented to fulfill the environmental laws related to the APPs. However, it is at their discretion choosing the width of the riparian forest to be restored;

  • Implementation of riparian forests restoration projects - the restoration projects are implemented by the owners of the areas to be restored and / or by means of the community's joint efforts. The Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee provides the necessary native seedlings, bought from several supporters (usually coming from environmental compensation), and technically guides the restoration techniques to be applied (isolating the degradation factors, planting native seedlings and / or conducting the natural regeneration);

  • Maintenance and monitoring - each owner is responsible for maintaining the riparian forest areas under restoration. Every six months, for the first two years from the planting of seedlings, the technical team of Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee visits the area for monitoring and guiding possible needs for replacement of seedlings.

 

 4 - RESULTS ACHIEVED

The main results obtained since the beginning of the actions conducted by the Pact of the Riparian Forest were:

  • Register – 55 registered owners interested in restoring the riparian forest and partnership with six (6) institutions for the implementation of restoration projects;

  • Projects - diagnosis and elaboration of 41 restoration projects, of which 21 have been implemented, with the planting of 6,824 native seedlings, totaling 15 hectares of riparian forest restoration process;

  • Creation and distribution of two primers (10,000 copies): "Learning from the Tijucas Committee - The Riparian Forest" and "Learning from the Tijucas Committee - Restoring the Riparian Forest";

  • Composition and drawing contests – five (5) drawing and six (6) composition contests were held, both with themes related to water. A total of 1,776 middle school students have participated;

  • Public Policy Incentive - support to the elaboration of Decree No. 1345, dated May 29, 2015, which established the Municipal Program for Conservation and Recovery of Porto Belo's Riparian Forests.

  • Recognition - certification in the Bank of Social Technologies of the Banco do Brasil Foundation (2015).

It is important to highlight that the Pact of the Riparian Forest is still in the implementation phase. As new aids will be granted and / or partnerships will be made, new areas belonging to registered owners will be detected and the relevant restoration projects will be implemented. New registrations of those interested in restoring its riparian forest are still being made.

 

5 - REQUIRED RESOURCES

The Tijucas River Basin Committee Staff count on the resources detailed below.
Human Resources: Tijucas-Biguaçu Committee Staff – 03 technicians with bachelor's degree (biologist, aquaculture engineer and journalist) and 01 technicians with high school degree (administrative);
Equipment: 01 vehicle, computers, 01 GPS, 01 camera, 01 tapeline, 01 caliper and 01 projector.
Supplies: native seedlings, materials for construction of fences (fence posts, wire, staples, etc.).

 

6 - TRANSFER

The replication of practices and riparian forest restoration techniques are widespread and can be adopted by other institutions which also work with environmental preservation. Considering the central idea of the project as a promoter of good practices on the environment, mainly related to the restoration of riparian forests in rural properties, being possible therefore, the adoption of this design by institutions that work with technical assistance and rural extension (ATER), municipal departments of agriculture, professional associations such as rural unions, and NGOs and associations and other river basin committees.

 

7 - LESSONS LEARNED

Among the lessons learned, it stands out as a successful practice, the role of mobilization played by the hydrographic basin committee in actions for the conservation and restoration of riparian forests. Since it is a participatory space, with a regional coverage in the river basin level and already known in the region, its performance promotes great reliability with the communities involved.
Therefore, the initiative of the Pact of the Riparian Forest to foster joint efforts has enabled the community mobilization for this cause and the consequent reduction of the restoration costs for the owners, stimulating the performance of the developed actions. Among the obstacles there are the historical uses of APP for farming and livestock activities, given the rural characteristic of the municipalities in small properties.
As a proposed solution to this problem, there are meetings for awareness raising and legal advice which seek to clarify the importance of these areas for the preservation of water resources in quantity and quality, once it is necessary for the continuation of the production and the country life and farming. It is also stimulated the extractive use of these areas by planting native fruit seedlings that can be subsequently sold in natura or processed, such as jellies and pulp for juices. Thus, it is expected to add value to the area to be restored creating for the owner a possible alternative source of income.

 

8 - ORIGINALITY OF THE PRACTICE

There are several developed and ongoing practices in the country, widely disclosed and oriented to the restoration of the riparian forests. However, this initiative was designed in an original way when it comes to its methodology and application.

 

 

 

It is possible to visit the initiative at any time of the year, by appointment.
Number of visitors: Up to 30.

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