The project Social Technologies for Water Management – TSGA, selected in public notice of Petrobras socio-environmental program, began its activities in the year 2007 with the goal of strengthening the sustainable use of the water by supporting the capacity of local management of river basin communities in Santa Catarina, integrated to the dissemination and implementation of social technologies in food production and rural sanitation.

The second edition of the project started in 2013 with structured actions on four programs that aim to promote the implementation of demonstration units assessment on the use of water, the formation and training of municipal technicians and social agents for the management of the water resources, community inclusion and environmental education, in addition to actions for communication and dissemination of information generated in the design and implementation of a Center of Social Technologies for Water Management (CETRAGUA).

 

A - General information

 

START: March 2007 (in progress)

EXECUTING ENTITY: Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC

PARTNERS: Petrobras – Petrobras Socio-Environmental Program. Co-executors-Agricultural Research and Rural Extension Company of Santa Catarina – EPAGRI Brazilian Agricultural Research Company - EMBRAPA

PRESENTED BY: Paulo Belli Filho

RESOURCES: Third parties

VALUE RANGE: Above $ 25.000

CATEGORY: Project

MAIN THEMATIC AREA: Environment

KEYWORDS: Water resources; basic sanitation; social technologies; environmental education; demonstration units; governance; management; communication; rice production; pig farming; Agroecology; riparian vegetation

TARGET AUDIENCE: Family farmers, traditional peoples, residents of isolated communities, students, professors, directors of schools, technicians, union leaderships and municipal social actors working in water management

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE: State

SPECIFIC AREA OF DEPLOYMENT:

The municipalities covered directly with project activities are:Araranguá, Braço do Norte, Orleans, Tubarão, Urubici, Concórdia, Ituporanga, Biguaçu, Chapecó and Florianópolis.

 

B - Description of the practice

 

1- BACKGROUND

Results of the positive experiences of the institutions led to construction of a job offer with approach with social technologies, with empowerment of participants, that meets the demands of the rural environment, family farming, small isolated communities and traditional populations.

The proposal had a basis of study seeking to resolve critical situations of the Santa Catarina State related to the management of water resources, the most important were: the occurrence of conflicts between rice production and water supplies, problems concerning pollution caused by pig farming, rural sanitation-related structural needs in several municipalities, issues related to the preservation of the Direct Recharge Zone of the Guarani Aquifer and environmental problems arising from animal production and constant droughts.

The participation of the public authorities and civil society in these discussions, the articulation between public entities and society, the empowerment of the social actors involved in this process were considered fundamental factors to equate the problems identified related to the management of water resources and the sustainable use of water.

To this end, during the period from 2007 to 2010 Santa Catarina was the scene of the first edition of the Project Social Technologies for Water Management – TSGA I, from the integration of experiences of the Federal University of Santa Catarina-UFSC, Agricultural Research and Rural Extension Company of Santa Catarina – EPAGRI and Brazilian Agricultural Research Company -Embrapa Swine and Poultry. In 2013, the second stage of the project (TSGA II) started, following the initial proposal, adding new partnerships and municipalities (Ituporanga and Chapecó).

 

2- MAIN GOAL

Strengthen the sustainable use of the water by supporting local management capacity in river basins of Santa Catarina, integrated to the dissemination and implementation of social technologies in food production and basic sanitation of rural environment.

Specific goals:

- Install and use pedagogically demonstration units of family sustainable agricultural production systems aimed at the implementation and dissemination of social technologies for the efficient use of water in agroecosystems;

- Disseminate social technologies for rural sanitation, through demonstration teaching units;

- Strengthen training activities, including activities of distance education (EaD) on topics related to efficient water use and conservation of water resources;

- Promote environmental education for dissemination, mobilization, awareness, training and education for water management; and

- Consolidate the establishment of the Centre of Social Technologies for Water Management-CETRAGUA at the Federal University of Santa Catarina-UFSC, Florianópolis.

 

3 - ADOPTED SOLUTION

The project is structured on the basis of a general coordination at the Federal University of Santa Catarina. Involved teachers, scholars and researchers in undergraduate and postgraduate level. At the level of municipalities covered, teams and institutional partnerships were created for local support in Araranguá, Tubarão, Braço do Norte, Orleans, Urubici, Concórdia and Chapecó. In the communities, the project has the participation of various social actors and leaders: teachers and students of public schools, farmers, union leaders, members of basins committees and technicians.

The work was conducted with the participation of all stakeholders, taking into consideration the local knowledge in decision making.

To achieve the goals, the actions were structured around four programs:

Program I – Implementation and evaluation of Demonstration Units in social technologies for water management;

Program II – Formation and training of technicians and Municipal social agents for the management of the water resource;

Program III – Community inclusion and environmental education strategies for water management; and

Program IV – Communication, dissemination of information and monitoring of the project:

The methodology to achieve the goals followed the steps of the GATs model-Water Governance and Sustainable Territory/PEDS – strategic planning of sustainable development, developed by Prof. Daniel Silva, which includes the following steps:

1 – Initial agreement;

2- Building an experience economy;

3- Practice of a learning community;

4- Governance strategies; and

5- Evaluation and prospect.

 

4 - RESULTS ACHIEVED

The TSGA project in two editions has brought several solutions and contributions to the proper management of water resources in the State of Santa Catarina. Among the effective results:

- Implementation of demonstration units in sustainable management of swine waste in Braço do Norte/SC and Concórdia;

- Demo unit deployment in sustainable rural tourism in Urubici/SC;

- Demo unit deployment in capture and utilization of rainwater utilizing reservoir containing sand – Araranguá/SC;

- Deployment of two demonstration units in capture and utilization of rainwater in Chapecó and São João do Sul;

- Demo Unit deployment in rural sanitation-slow filter in Urubici;

- Implementation of three demonstration units in recovery of riparian vegetation in Braço do Norte, Concórdia and Orleans;

- Realization of monitoring of water quality in the rivers Passo dos Índios in Chapecó and Queimados in Concórdia;

- Development of an on-site training program to contribute to the formation of the social actors of the communities. 14 different courses were offered in 5 municipalities training a total of 428 people;

- Creation of a network education platform that offers courses in topics related to sustainability and providing a form of permanent knowledge construction, with always-available content;

- Realization of 25 pedagogical workshops on water quality analysis, reuse and recycling of solid waste, with the stimulus through the Environmental gymkhana for material collection;

- Contribution in environmental education plans within the school context through the pedagogical appreciation of environmental education as a cross-cutting issue;

- Formation of a network of schools for sharing of knowledge and experiences between participants and also the realization of joint works from the perspective of the development of civilization and education;

- Promotion of 8 public events aimed at disseminating the results to teachers and communities to raise awareness about the importance of good use and management of water;

- Scientific production: 06 doctoral theses; 08 dissertations; 15 works of conclusion of undergraduate courses; 22 articles and participation in congresses;

- Creation of website (www.tsga.ufsc.br) and facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/tsgaII?fref=ts) to disseminate information about the actions and material of the project, share information and host network education platform;

- Provision of permanent online education platform - network education, on the website - http://tsga.ufsc.br/index.php/educacao-em-rede/cursos; and

- Center of social technologies for water management, Cetragua, in the final stage of construction. Structure being built on the Campus of the Federal University of Santa Catarina aiming to be a center of reference for studies on water resources, providing laboratory testing, meeting rooms and other facilities for work.

 

5 - RESOURCES NEEDED

TSGA project has the support of 50 professionals: 18 teachers, 25 scholars, 3 doctors of Epagri, 03 doctors of Embrapa, 02 administrators, 02 executive managers. The headquarters of the project is provided by the Federal University of Santa Catarina, and has 55 computers. The project also has a 2 vehicles for team transportation. The project also has the support of the partner institutions to carry out the planned activities.

 

6 -  TRANSFER

Within schools, the project contributes for the transverse insertion of concepts related to sustainability and pedagogical practices adopted by the TSGAin the Political-Pedagogical projects of partner schools. In these schools, workshops were presented for the reuse of waste and water quality analyses. To enable the reapplication of the workshops, schools were encouraged to conduct gymkhanas for waste collection and distribution of kits for water quality analysis and plastic boxes for making "wormeries". Schools and institutions who participated in the workshops:

Donato Alípio de Campos (Biguaçu), Leopoldo Hannoff (Orleans), Escola Nucleada Águas Brancas (Urubici), Escolas Ana Régis Arantes (Peroba), Mota Pires (Araranguá), e Fundação Municipal de Meio Ambiente de Tubarão (FUNAT). Within the framework of the implementation and dissemination of social technologies, the project has 9 consolidated Pedagogical Demonstration Units and 3 under implementation. The consolidated units are fulfilling their educational purpose; open to visitation in the communities for information sharing, dissemination and exchange of experiences.

Social technologies installed in the demonstration units can be used in other locations, different realities, subject to compliance with the specific features of the new location. It is recommended for deployment in case new location that a study to be carried out, taking into account the local knowledge of real conditions and the necessary adaptations to the technologies. We reinforce that the participation of all social actors involved in the work is essential.

 

7 - LEARNED LESSONS

The methodology used in the project allowed interaction between the participating actors leading to meet various State regions, indigenous communities, traditional peoples, isolated communities and family farmers.

The actions of the project were defined through a process of joint construction where the objective was to exchange knowledge and experiences with the community. The social actors and institutions were involved in all stages of the process, with empowerment, local governance and community identification with the developed practices. Thus, local actors are disseminating the proposed project technology and methodology in the communities. This way of working has been a constant learning for all participants, with actual domain and use of the knowledge generated.

Another learning was about the systematization of the information generated. There was great concern that the documentation is preserved and the project made available to society, not just for sharing, but also to generate critical reflection on the processes and results. For the permanent availability of material generated and for the construction of knowledge, virtual spaces are being used, with a website, repository use of UFSC to host the database with the project scope. Information and exchanges of experiences are being made available on the website and social networks, allowing constant interaction and open access to any user.

The main difficulty presented in this project model, is the need for continuity of the work in other regions of the State. The project will be closed this year; the financial resource is in its final phase, there is no prospect of continuity and it would be vital to continue to work.

 

A visit to the practice is available at any time, with previous appointment. There is no more propitious time to undertake the visit, it would be appropriate to avoid rainy periods.

Schedule with community leaders or regional technicians.

Nº of visitors: Ideally, each group of visitors should not exceed 15 people. 

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