The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a technology based on sampling and crop monitoring for decision-making in relation to pest control. It is a suitable tool for streamlining the use of insecticides and reduction in production costs. In the 2014/15 crop, the IPM project was implemented in the State of Paraná, in an integrated work between the Institute of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension of Parana-Emater, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Company-Embrapa Soybean and partner soybean farmers in the different regions of the State of Paraná, as a concrete and continuing action of the campaign entitled, "Plant your Future", coordinated by the Department of Agriculture and Supply of Paraná – SEAB.

 

Technology reference units specialized in integrated pest management (RUs in IPM) were implanted in 159 commercial crops of soybeans, present in 93 municipalities and with the direct involvement of 112 extensionists of Emater. Of this total, 106 RUs followed the technical protocol for good practice, and through them, the results highlighted in this publication were obtained.Through the aforementioned Protocol, the samples occured weekly during the soybean cycle, using the beat of cloth. The main results produced by the units of assisted reference with integrated pest management, include: average of 56% reduction in the number of applications of insecticides in soybeans, compared to crops of the State of Paraná; and increase in the average time of entry of the first application in about 28 days.

 

A - General information

 

START: September de 2014

END: September de 2015   

EXECUTING ENTITY: Institute of technical assistance and rural extension of Parana (Emater) and Brazilian agricultural research company (Embrapa Soja)

PARTNERS: Department of Agriculture and Supply of Paraná (SEAB), Agronomic Institute of Paraná (IAPAR), Paraná Supply Centers (CEASA), Paraná Agricultural Defense Agency (ADAPAR), Paraná Federation of Agriculture (FAEP), Workers Federation of Agriculture of Paraná (FATAEP), Paraná Cooperatives Organization (OCEPAR) and Itaipu Binacional

PRESENTED BY: Nelson Harger (Emater), Fernando Teixeira de Oliveira (Emater), Osmar Conte (Embrapa Soja), Beatriz Spalding Corrêa-Ferreira (Embrapa Soja) and Samuel Roggia (Embrapa Soja) 

RESOURCES: Own and third parts

VALUE RANGE: Between US$ 10,000.00 and US$ 15,000.00

CATEGORY: Project

MAIN THEMATIC AREA: Agriculture

KEYWORDS: Integrated Pest Management, Pest Monitoring, Emater, Embrapa, Reference Units, Extensionism, Soybean, Soybean Production, Research

TARGET AUDIENCE: Technical assistance agents, producers and rural leaders, cooperatives, inputs resales, unions, associations, universities, teachers, students

LOCATION: Rural area

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE: State 

Location of municipalities with reference Units in IPM conducted in the different administrative Emater macro-regions in the State of Paraná, in the 2014/15 crop.

CLICK HERE TO SEE THE MAP OF LOCATION - REFERENCE UNITS - IPM

Northern region of the State: Alvorada do Sul, Andirá, Arapongas, Bela Vista do Paraiso, Cafeara, Cambé, Cornélio Procópio, Ibiporã, Itambaracá, Kaloré, Londrina, Prado Ferreira, Primeiro de Maio, Sabaudia, Santa Mariana, São João do Ivaí, Sertanópolis;

Northwestern region of the State: Campinada Lagoa, Farol, Floresta, Goioerê, Iguaraçu, Itambé,Ivatuba, Juranda, Jussara, Luiziana, Mamborê, Mandaguari, Marialva, Maringá, Ourizona, Paiçandu, Peabiru,Quinta do Sol, Rancho Alegre do Oeste, Sarandi, Ubiratã;

West/Southwest region of the State: Assis Chateaubriand, Boa Esperança do Iguaçu, Cascavel , Dois Vizinhos, Iracema do Oeste, Itapejara do Oeste, Marmeleiro, Nova Esperança do Iguaçu,Nova Prata do Iguaçu, Palotina, Realeza, Renascença, Santa Tereza do Oeste, Três Barras do Paraná, Tupãssi, Vera Cruz do Oeste;

Southern region of the State: Antonio Olinto, Guamiranga, Paula Freitas, Pinhão Rebouças.

 

B - Description of the practice

 

1- BACKGROUND

In the history of integrated pest management (IPM), the State of Paraná has concrete examples of success, since its implementation and management by EMBRAPA (Brazilian agricultural research Company), EMATER (Institute of technical assistance and Rural Extension of Parana) and IAPAR (Paraná Agronomic Institute), in 1977. In the 80s, a significant reduction in the use of pesticides was achieved among the soybean producers assisted by the IPM, when the average number of applications was reduced from about 06 to approximately 02 insecticide applications per crop, for the control of the main pests that affect soybeans.

However, over the years, changes in the agricultural scenario happened, as changes in the dynamics of verified insect-pests and practices commonly adopted by producers in management, without technical criteria, determinants factors for the intensification of the problems and the extensive use of insecticides in the culture.

Both for the Central region of Brazil, as in the State of Paraná or in southern Brazil, the pest control system is characterized by the preventive or scheduled control, often applied in the use of other spraying carried out in the fields, regardless of the populational level of the pest or injury caused. Because of that, today, we have a greater number of pest species affecting the culture of soybeans, in addition to higher population levels and the adaptation of insects for other cultures that make up the productive system.

All of this has been favoring the increase in the average number of applications of insecticides demanded by crops in the country. These facts are related to highly unbalanced environments, causing serious problems to the quality of our quality of life. Therefore, it becomes noticeable that the actions and strategies on good practice of integrated pest management (IPM), have been forgotten and neglected, and the problems arising from it, acquired volume.

With the use of non-sustainable practices, the number of applications of insecticides in the culture of soybean, reached an average of five applications during the culture cycle. Fact aggravated today by the increase of mixture of products and use of increasingly high dosages of insecticide used for the control of the main pests of soybean culture. At the same time, the absence of the creation of new molecules of insecticides and the repeated use of products with a similar mode of action on the same crop, has favored the evolution of resistance of causative agents of pests, reducing the effectiveness of the applications.

 

2- GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Deploy best practices in integrated pest management (IPM), with the objective of resuming the actions and promoting integrated pest management references in the State of Paraná

Specific objectives:

  • Analyze which plagues occur along the cycle of culture and what is the intensity of attack to, together with farmers, make the decision on the need to control and select the most appropriate control measures for each case;
  • Reduce the cost of pest control in soybeans, increasing profitability for the producer and easing the impact on the production environment;
  • Serve as a reference for producers willing to adopt or continue with integrated pest management in the soybean culture, in Paraná or Brazil.

 

3 - SOLUTION ADOPTED

In the 2014/15 crop, the project integrated pest management (IPM) was deployed in various locations in the State of Paraná as a result of the partnership between EMATER, EMBRAPA soybean and soybean producers partners of the North, Northwest, West/East and South regions, as concrete and continuous action of the campaign "Plant your Future." At State level, 159 reference Units (RUs) in integrated pest management (IPM) were implemented and monitored in areas of commercial crops of soybeans. 93 municipalities were contemplated, with the direct involvement of 112 extensionists. From the total of Reference Units deployed, 106 were selected for following the full technical protocol established, and because of this, had their results evaluated.

To this end, the selected areas (RUs) have been identified and monitored by the technicians of EMATER throughout the cycle of culture and the field monitoring data is recorded on spreadsheets and analyzed later. In each unit, the population density of the main pests of soybeans was monitored weekly by means of sampling carried out in one meter of row of soybeans, when they were still small (V3) and with sweep nets from the V4 state of culture. The number of samplings performed per monitored area was 10, for each sampling occasion.

Among the main pests of soybeans, it was considered the complex of caterpillars, including, the velvetbean caterpillar (Anticarsia gemmatalis), Soybean Looper (Chrysodeixis includens), the Spodoptera and Heliothinae group. In evaluations, the dimensions given by the caterpillars, such as large and small (larger caterpillars and smaller than 1.5 cm) were considered, in addition to the complex of bedbugs, considering the adults and large nymphs (> 0.3 cm). The population densities of the major pests found, and the stage of development of the plants, were recorded in monitoring records, and the control decision taken according to previously established action levels by the research for caterpillars and bedbugs. When necessary, chemical control was conducted using preferably selective insecticides, recording the date of every application, products and doses of insecticides.

At the same time, it was tried to know in crops of producers not assisted in integrated pest management (IPM), the number and time of insecticide applications, more used products and doses in the control of caterpillars, bedbugs and other pests of occurrence in the soy crops, through questionnaires applied in the crop 2014/15 to producers from different regions of the State. Considering the number of producers and the area of soybeans planted by municipality, 330 questionnaires were applied in four macro-regions covered by the initiative, for the recording of information gathered.

In order to characterize the impact of integrated pest management (IPM) work in the financial management of different units, control cost data was also registered for comparative effect of reference Units (RUs) and producers not assisted by the IPM program. In the composition of the cost of pest control, the operating cost of spraying operations was included, taking into consideration average used equipment in Paraná, such as trailing spray 2,000 liters capacity and 105 tractor. To compose the cost of insecticides inputs, it was considered the frequency of use of the main insecticides, according to the survey, the average dosage used and cost of its insecticides, in the 2014/15 crop.

 

4 - RESULTS ACHIEVED

Among the main results obtained by the initiative of integrated pest management (IPM), in the State, we can list:

4.1 Regarding the scenario of caterpillars and bedbugs on soybeans in Paraná - 2014/15 crop:

  • The most abundant species of caterpillars in the soy crops at the reference units covered in Paraná, during the 2014/15 crop, were the velvetbean caterpillar (Anticarsia gemmatalis) and the Soybean Looper (Chrysodeixis includens). The velvetbean caterpillar predominated in the first two months of culture, while the Soybean Looper, increased its population density gradually, throughout the development of plants, being especially predominant at the end of the cycle of culture;
  • The relative population density of caterpillars of the Heliothinae group (Helicoverpa armigera, H. zea and Heliothis virescens), was low, not exceeding 12% of the caterpillars in the beginning of the cycle, and reducing to about 2% at the end of the cycle (indicating that this plague presented difficulties in settling in the areas monitored at IPM);
  • The relative density of caterpillars of the Spodoptera spp. group was low throughout the cycle, not exceeding 5% of the total registered caterpillars. In turn, the Soybean Looper was the predominant species in occurrence, in the 2014/15 crop;
  • The brown bedbug (Euschistus heros), was the predominant species in soybeans in the reference units (RUs). Among secondary bedbugs, the green belly stink bug (Dichelops melacanthus), deserves attention because attacks corn and wheat also, and it has been found at low frequency in soybeans, with indexes less than 4%. The results obtained indicate that, despite having host cultures over nearly the whole year, the green belly stink bug did not showed itself as pest in soybean culture.

4.2 Regarding the triggering factor of the first application of insecticides:

  • It was noted that, in several RUs, the triggering factor of decision making in the application of insecticide was the level of defoliation, no determined species of plague hit the action level indicated for control;
  • The trigger species of the largest number of interventions was A. gemmatalis, responsible for 26% of the first application of insecticides;
  • Surprisingly, 24.5% of initial applications targeted the bedbugs, because many producers, did not need to do control the caterpillars;
  • It was found that 18.9% of initial applications were directed to the Soybean Looper;
  • It is important to note that a considerable number of Reference Units (URs), 5.7% more precisely, that did not required any application of insecticides over the cycle. Given that it contradicts the current scenario of soybean production, which generally makes the application of pesticides an extend need to all extensions grown.

4.3 Regarding the intervention with use of insecticides in the control of pests in RUs: 

  • The average number of applications of insecticides in the Reference Units (RUs), for the State, was 2.1 applications. Smaller than the State survey, with about of 4.7 applications for not assisted producers;
  • The average time elapsed until the first application of insecticide in the reference Units (URs), was 66 days, well above the prospected in the State survey, with an average of 34 days;
  • At the Reference Units (RUs) that used soybean cultivars with different biotechnological events, in this case, Intacta RR2 PRO™ (Soybean Bt) and RR1 (non Bt), the need for insecticide applications (2.2 applications) was similar to the average RUs in State (2.1 applications);
  • However, in the Reference Units (RUs) that used soybean Bt (caterpillars tolerant), the need for control was much smaller, on average, less than an application of insecticide, throughout the cycle. The average time of emergence of plants until the need for control has been lengthened in about 19 days compared to RUs that did not use soybean Bt.

4.4 Regarding the Phytosanitary Scenario in Paraná - 2014/15 crop

  • On the application of 330 questionnaires along the four macro regions of EMATER, on average, 4.7 insecticide applications directed the different pests that occur on soybeans in Paraná were used;
  • The average time elapsed until the first application of insecticide, was 34 days. This demonstrates that the applications of insecticides in the control of pests, started early in relation to the areas that adopted the IPM, where the first intervention was in average 66 days.

4.5 Regarding to the comparative costs of Chemical Control of Pests of Soybean in Paraná -   2014/15 crop:

  • When strategies of integrated pest management (IPM) were used, the average cost of pest control corresponded to 02 sacks/ha, representing 3.4% of the average productivity of the State;
  • On usual costs for the control of pests in Paraná, the number of applications of insecticides, representing on average of 4.7 applications, i.e. the equivalent to 5.0 sacks/ha;
  • Producers who use best practices in integrated pest management (IPM), had savings of 03 sacks per hectare.

 

5 - RESOURCES NEEDED

The resources used for the implementation of best practices in integrated pest management (IPM), regarding the 2014/15 crop, were:

  • Training of technical assistance structure: R$ 35.000,00;
  • Publication of results of IPM -   2014/15 crop : R$ 7.500,00;
  • Sweep nets: R$ 15.000,00;
  • Identification plates of RUs: R$ 4.000,00;
  • Monitoring records of pests and natural enemies: R$ 1.500,00.

Note.: The costs of personnel and transportation for the weekly monitoring of RUs, and also, in the actions of transfer of technology and dissemination of results (practical meetings, field days, exhibitions, seminars and caravan of soy) were not accounted.

  

6 - TRANSFER

The results obtained with the good agricultural practice of integrated pest management (IPM), in agricultural reference properties in Paraná, reflect the joint efforts which EMATER and EMBRAPA, institutions participating in the campaign "Plant your future", develop. In printed form, the results are made available through the annual publication, in the form of EMBRAPA research documents, drawn up in partnership with EMATER, and under the numbers and 356 and 361 for the 2013/14 and 2014/15 crops, respectively.

In these publications are the technical-economic results of best practice in integrated pest management (IPM), aiming at improving the income, farmers' competitiveness and sustainable soy production. The current challenge in IPM, is to increase the transfer of information and results among farmers, agents of the technical assistance and rural extension (ATER), and research and education sectors, in addition to the disclosure in scientific events, conferences, workshops and seminars.

Between farmers and agents of ATER, communication actions are performed, but need to be enlarged with the participation of the private sector. In universities and agricultural schools, practical approaches for tactics in integrated pest management (IPM) exist, and at the same time, in the production of scientific papers and completion of courses. In addition to the participation of students in congresses and other academic events, initiatives also occur in the FAEP/SENAR system, with the organization of training courses of labor to provide qualified monitoring and pest control services in crops of soybeans in Paraná.

 

7 - LESSONS LEARNED

Learning in the daily construction of a work process in partnership between rural extension (EMATER) and research (EMBRAPA) was very important for the progress of work and results obtained in Paraná. The increase in the number of reference units and territorial expansion in soybean-producing regions of Paraná, generated more accurate data about the IPM, and at the same time that allowed the construction of scenarios of pests in the State (temporal and population fluctuation, species with occurrences, chemical management).

The adoption of good practices in integrated pest management (IPM), based on monitoring the field, depends largely on the quality of the information generated for the decision-making of the management to be adopted and use of insecticides. The IPM has enabled a significant reduction in the number of applications of insecticides without loss of productivity. On average, the applications decreased in the 2014/15 crop to 2.6, which equates to a saving of three sacks of soybeans per hectare. The use of the indicator of the time elapsed until the first intervention with insecticides for the control of pests, which was on average 66 days, drew attention because of the importance characterized by the possibility to maintain the productive environment more balanced, especially, until the flourishing of culture leading to smaller impacts for the pollinators.

The lack of trained producers and agents of technical assistance is the main barrier identified for the spread of the good practice, either in the State of Paraná, as in Brazil. Current scenarios of less favorable economic profitability, for the culture of soybeans in the coming seasons, must, on the other hand, increase the interest through the good IPM practice.

 

8 - ORIGINALITY OF THE PRACTICE

The IPM initiative, for the 2014/2015 crop in Parana, was designed by the previously appointed executors and the entities they represent.

 

 

Visitation can be made during the period of the soybean crop-November to January. There are no restrictions regarding the hours (day) and the number of visitors is limited to a maximum of 40 persons groups.

 

 

powered by contentmap
Demonstration of Properties on Milk from Pasture (12 A)

Demonstration of Properties on Milk from Pasture (12 A)

The implementation of Demonstration Units of Milk from Pasture, implemented by the EMATER-PR in the region of Medianeira, enables the increase of productivity of milk in small property by adopting techniques that encourage the development of quality ...

Leia Mais
Use of Social Networking for Technical Assistance and Rural Extension (05 A)

Use of Social Networking for Technical Assistance and Rural Extension (05 A)

With the objective of streamlining the communication process with the soy producers in the region of Londrina, in the year 2015 EMATER-PR implemented the use of social networking on technical assistance and rural extension. In possession of the infor ...

Leia Mais
Selection and Production of Queen Bees - Apis Mellifera (30A)

Selection and Production of Queen Bees - Apis Mellifera (30A)

The periodic replacement of queens is a procedure recognized as necessary by the beekeepers for the good development of the activity. Aiming to improve honey production in the State, the practice developed by Epagri has as its goal the mass selection ...

Leia Mais
Homeopathy in Agriculture in Western Parana (17 A)

Homeopathy in Agriculture in Western Parana (17 A)

 Homeopathy in agriculture in Western Parana started in 2004 and aims to enable production with lower use of chemicals, reduce cost production and provide greater autonomy and income to the local farmers. The practice is developed by professionals an ...

Leia Mais
Integrated Production System of Tomato with Tutoring (SISPIT) (09 A)

Integrated Production System of Tomato with Tutoring (SISPIT) (09 A)

Within the Mission of EPAGRI, which is to bring "Knowledge, technology and extension for the sustainable development of rural areas, for the benefit of society" the Experimental Station of Caçador has developed an innovative system of tomato producti ...

Leia Mais
Systematization, Promotion and Diffusion of Technologies In Line with Integrated Banana Production in the State of Santa Catarina (PI - BANANA) (25 A)

Systematization, Promotion and Diffusion of Technologies In Line with Integrated Banana Production in the State of Santa Catarina (PI - BANANA) (25 A)

Santa Catarina is an important banana producing state. Its production is concentrated in family properties, located on slopes and with great interaction with the Atlantic Forest ecosystem. In institutional terms, it is typical for producers to organi ...

Leia Mais
Direct Seeding of Vegetable Seeds System: A Tool for Transitioning to Sustainable Farming Family (26 A)

Direct Seeding of Vegetable Seeds System: A Tool for Transitioning to Sustainable Farming Family (26 A)

The Direct Seeding of Vegetables System (DSVS) is a transition proposal for all family farming instances dependent on inputs external to the property, meant to provide cleaner, balanced, and autonomous systems. In its technical-scientific axis it has ...

Leia Mais
Programme Tillage System with Quality (11 A)

Programme Tillage System with Quality (11 A)

The Programme Tillage System with Quality has been a strategy of action, which originated in the mid to late 1990, when Itaipu Binacional, motivated by the permanent concern for the silting of its reservoir, initiated contacts with the Agronomic Inst ...

Leia Mais
Precision Agriculture in the Small Rural Property (04 A)

Precision Agriculture in the Small Rural Property (04 A)

The current demands of society require constant increased agriculture production per area unit, together with the minimization of the harmful environmental effects. In this context, the precision agriculture has been shown to be a system capable of m ...

Leia Mais
 Vitoria Project: Technical Assistance for Dairy Production (02 A)

Vitoria Project: Technical Assistance for Dairy Production (02 A)

The Vitoria Project is based on the development of a methodology that originates from the reality of farms, come up with challenges to increase milk production, productivity and income through validated technologies evaluated "in situ" and disseminat ...

Leia Mais
 Integrated Production of Onion in the Santa Catarina State - PIC (13 A)

Integrated Production of Onion in the Santa Catarina State - PIC (13 A)

The project of integrated production of Onion-PIC aims at the development of research and rural extension actions that guide the producers for the use of good agricultural practices and adoption of integrated production in onion culture, activity dev ...

Leia Mais
Network of Technological Reference Properties-REPROTEC (08 A)

Network of Technological Reference Properties-REPROTEC (08 A)

REPROTEC seeks to increase the productivity of the cattle through the improvement of zoo technical indexes, with research and extension actions with technologies adapted to the conditions of the region. Technical assistance actions, organization of p ...

Leia Mais
Integrated Soybean Pest Management (IPM) - Crop 2014/15 - Paraná (21 A)

Integrated Soybean Pest Management (IPM) - Crop 2014/15 - Paraná (21 A)

The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a technology based on sampling and crop monitoring for decision-making in relation to pest control. It is a suitable tool for streamlining the use of insecticides and reduction in production costs. In the 2014/ ...

Leia Mais
Dairy Production Using Rotating Pastures Management (29 A)

Dairy Production Using Rotating Pastures Management (29 A)

The dairy production chain in the State of Santa Catarina is founded in different production systems, which are identified by the management and supply of animal feed, technological level, and productivity obtained. Among the various production syste ...

Leia Mais
Program Milk PLUS (03 A)

Program Milk PLUS (03 A)

The Program Milk PLUS aims to increase productivity, quality and profitability of dairy farming through personalized provision of technical guidance to farmers assisted by use of a care model that was formatted from technical and economic indicators ...

Leia Mais
Local Productive Diversification through the Development of the Culture of Banana (06 A)

Local Productive Diversification through the Development of the Culture of Banana (06 A)

From the challenges encountered with the decline of traditional regional cultures, this project enabled the farmers of the municipality of Novo Itacolomi, state of Paraná, productive diversification through the introduction of the culture of banana. ...

Leia Mais
Technical Assistance on Family Dairy Property-Forming Reference Units (14 A)

Technical Assistance on Family Dairy Property-Forming Reference Units (14 A)

Milk production has grown in many regions of the country, in Paraná specially at the Western and Southwestern regions. These results are due to the growth of activity on family agriculture and technical assistance present on these properties. ...

Leia Mais
Anti-hail Netting and Frost Control Systems (24 A)

Anti-hail Netting and Frost Control Systems (24 A)

The practice aims to prevent possible damages caused by hail and late frost on the fruiting and consequently in the production of the orchards. For development, control and evaluation, the system was implemented in a plums producing property, located ...

Leia Mais
Sustainable Property Programme (20 A)

Sustainable Property Programme (20 A)

Seeking Seeking to strengthen cooperative ideals and bolstered by its mission of as a cooperative system, to enhance the relationship, offer financial solutions to aggregate income and contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of members a ...

Leia Mais
Rural Sustainable Development (DRS) (15 A)

Rural Sustainable Development (DRS) (15 A)

The Rural Sustainable Development Programme (DRS) seeks to support and strengthen the most vulnerable rural segments in the Paraná River Basin lll, encouraging sustainable agricultural production. It provides free technical assistance and rural exten ...

Leia Mais
Local Agricultural Health Councils: Creation and Strengthening (01 A)

Local Agricultural Health Councils: Creation and Strengthening (01 A)

The project promotes community participation in the sanitary defence system by structuring the Municipal Councils of Agricultural Sanitation (CSA) in 91% of the municipalities of the State of Paraná. The official defence service was enhanced to help ...

Leia Mais
Medicinal Plants Project (16 A)

Medicinal Plants Project (16 A)

One of the strategies of the Cultivating Good Water programme is the use of medicinal plants and the maintenance of plant and cultural biodiversity in the western region of Paraná. The Medicinal Plants project was created in 2003, and headquartered i ...

Leia Mais
Fish farming and the Promotion of Regional Development. Maripá: A Model of Competence, and Productive Organization (27 A)

Fish farming and the Promotion of Regional Development. Maripá: A Model of Competence, and Productive Organization (27 A)

Fish farming is an important sector for the regional development of the western portion of the state of Paraná. From an economic perspective the activity is an income alternative for farmers who own smaller properties. Aware of the region's difficult ...

Leia Mais
Production of Semi-Hydroponic Suspended Strawberries (28A)

Production of Semi-Hydroponic Suspended Strawberries (28A)

The suspended cultivation of semi-hydroponic strawberries has gained many fans. The preference is justified by the better use of the space in small properties, the good economic results, high adaptability to the workforce available in the property, d ...

Leia Mais
Construction of References Networks for Technical and Economic Development for Sustainable of Family Farming (10 A)

Construction of References Networks for Technical and Economic Development for Sustainable of Family Farming (10 A)

Created with the objective of supporting the development of sustainable production systems for family agriculture in Paraná, References Networks for family agriculture base their actions on a set of properties representing certain system of agricultu ...

Leia Mais
Development of Culture of Strawberry in the Pioneer North of Paraná (07 A)

Development of Culture of Strawberry in the Pioneer North of Paraná (07 A)

Initiated by the Paraná Institute of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension (EMATER) in 1992, the proposal for a diversification of farms and rural organization sought to reverse the low profitability in small properties, increase the job offer and ...

Leia Mais
Inter-Cooperation for the Implementation of Actions to Encourage Regional Development (19 A)

Inter-Cooperation for the Implementation of Actions to Encourage Regional Development (19 A)

This case highlights two universal principles of cooperativism: • Education, Training and Information;  • Interest in the Community.   Through these principles, we approach the partnership that SICREDI develops since 2007 with CoperAmetista – Grap ...

Leia Mais
Peach Palm Tree for the Production of Heart of Palm in Family Farming (23 A)

Peach Palm Tree for the Production of Heart of Palm in Family Farming (23 A)

The project aims at making available to the producers technologies that support the cultivation of the peach palm tree (Bactris gasipaes) for heart palm production on the Paraná Coast. Experiments were conducted by the Embrapa Florestas and partners ...

Leia Mais
Project Grains - South Central of Beans and Corn  (18 A)

Project Grains - South Central of Beans and Corn (18 A)

The crops of beans and corn are traditional in family farming of the Center-South region of Paraná, contributing to the formation of the rent on the properties through the sale of grain and meat processing and dairy products. The Project Grain – Sou ...

Leia Mais
Agroflorestar Project, cooperating with nature  (22 A)

Agroflorestar Project, cooperating with nature (22 A)

The project "Agroflorestar, co-operating with nature" seeks to rescue knowledge, produce knowledge and also radiate practices and values for the transformation of agriculture through agro-ecological agroforestry systems.    {gallery}cooperafloresta ...

Leia Mais
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10