Within the Mission of EPAGRI, which is to bring "Knowledge, technology and extension for the sustainable development of rural areas, for the benefit of society" the Experimental Station of Caçador has developed an innovative system of tomato production that has brought benefits to the environment, economic and health sustainability of producers and consumers.

The Integrated Production System of Tomato with Tutoring (SISPIT) involves all stages of tomato cultivation and uses the most advanced technologies for the production of safe and quality certified food.

The present results show that with the adoption of this system it is possible to reduce in more than half the number of pesticide applications in culture and, through reducing production costs, raise the producer's net margin by up to 120%, ensuring less environmental impact, increase in income and quality of production in the field and of the food to be consumed.

 

A - General Information

 

START: November 2004 (in progress)

EXECUTING ENTITY:  Agricultural Research and Rural Extension Company of Santa Catarina - EPAGRI

CO-EXECUTOR ENTITY: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply -MAP; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development -CNPq; Foundation of Support for Research and Innovation of the State of Santa Catarina – FAPESC; State Department of Agriculture and Fisheries of Santa Catarina; and UNIARPE-University of Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe

PARTNERS: Rural Workers Union; Farmers' Union; and Tomato Growers Association of Caçador

PRESENTED BY: Walter Becker

RESOURCES: Own and third parties

VALUE RANGE: Between US$ 15.000 and US$25.000

CATEGORY: Project

MAIN THEMATIC AREA: Agriculture

KEYWORDS:  Tomato Cropping, Integrated Production, Conventional Production; Driving System, Integrated Pest Management, Integrated Management of Disease, Mineral Fertilizer, Organic Fertilizer, Prediction System, Monitoring, Traceability, Sustainability, Environmental Impact, Tomato with Tutoring, Tomato, EPAGRI, State Agricultural Research Organization (OEPA), Family Farming, Supermarket Chain, Consumers

TARGET AUDIENCE: Tomato Producers in the region of Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe; Tomato Producers Association; Supermarket Chains; Union of Rural Workers; and Rural Producers Union. Direct Beneficiaries: Consumers of Fresh Tomato; Traceability Program (RAMA) of Supermarkets Chain

LOCATION: Área rural

GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE: Micro-regional – Municipalities that make up the micro-region of Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe

SPECIFIC AREA OF DEPLOYMENT: Municipalities of ArroioTrinta, Caçador, Calmon; Fraiburgo, Ibiam, Lebon Régis, Matos Costa, Macieira, Iomerê, Pinheiro Preto, Rio das Antas, Salto Veloso, Timbó Grande and Videira

 

B - Description of practice

 

1 - BACKGROUND

Brazil occupies a prominent position in the production of tomatoes in South America, being the largest producer with 54% of the volume produced. In terms of productivity (58,633 kg/ha) ranks second, behind Chile.

The region of Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe is the largest tomato producer in Santa Catarina, especially the municipality of Caçador, with about 800 ha cultivated and 400 producers.

With a production of around 54000 tons, Caçador is one of the main suppliers of tomatoes to supply the domestic market during the summer. The structure is of smallholdings, with less than 50 ha. Practices such as soil analysis, planting in level, use of soil and proper management of ferti-irrigation are little used, being very common the excessive use of fertilization and low efficiency in water use.

The control of pests and diseases is commonly performed on up to three times a week depending on weather conditions, and can reach an extreme of 60 sprays per cycle. There is no application logic, being carried out from the seedling transplant until the end of the harvest, if prices are favorable. There is no criterion for use of products according to the toxicological classification or grace period.

The application of pesticides to control pests and diseases is commonly performed on up to three times a week, but there is no criteria for use of these products, as the toxicological classification and the grace period. The commercialization of production is mainly made by middlemen and, in recent years, the value received for the production has allowed only to cover the costs of production. Given this, it is evident the need to incorporate techniques that reduce the inversion of inputs widely used by farmers.

 

 2 - GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Develop and implement the integrated production of Tomatoes in the region of Alto Vale do Rio Peixe by using good agronomic practices coming from existing technologies, or to be developed, based on the regulation of the ecosystem, preservation of natural resources and minimization of inconvenient side effects resulting from agricultural activity.

Specific Objectives:

Specifically, we seek to add in this activity, the recycling of knowledge, of the rural businessmen through technical meetings and seminars.

For this, the following steps were developed:

  • Establish Steering Committee (SC) to define guidelines and norms, with the participation of representatives of the production chain, in order to allow the rational use of natural RESOURCES and the standardization of the activity to ensure a quality agricultural production, able to be audited by certification companies;
  • Develop and deploy the traceability system, maintaining and operating the database with records of location and use of products in accordance with the rules of integrated production (IP). Adopt the use of "field book" and "book of post-harvest" to allow the traceability of the system;
  • Identify and perform actions of research necessary for the implementation of the system of integrated production of tomato (SISPIT) within the participating research institutions and farmers' properties compared to conventional system;
  • Adapt and/or develop alert systems (forecast) for the main diseases of tomato plants;
  • Adapt and/or develop pest monitoring systems and determining of damage levels;
  • Guide decision making about the moment of pest and disease control by chemical or biological means;
  • Determine the most appropriate culture-driven system for integrated production;
  • Monitor the physic-chemical characteristics of the soil and plant nutrition for the determination of the doses of nitrogen and potassium to be applied during the cycle;
  • Determine the correlation between doses of N and K and plant health of culture;
  • Monitor the quality of water used in irrigation and as a vehicle of chemicals applied in the culture;
  • Evaluate the economic and social cost of the deployment of the integrated production system and compare it with the conventional system used by the farmer;
  • Empower the team of researchers to train extension workers, producers and other technicians for the conduct of IP;
  • Promoting technical meetings, conferences and prepare specific documentation for dissemination of the results of integrated production of tomato (IPT) compared to the conventional system;
  • Develop manual of good agricultural practices (GAP) and a diagram of hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) of tomato culture; and
  • Increase the scope of action of SISPIT (10% of the tomato producers in the Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe (AVRP).

 

3 - SOLUTIONS ADOPTED

By experimentation in integrated production (IP) all standards of tomato production were established. The actions that were generating technological bases of the IP system covered soil management, crop rotation, driving systems, pest and disease management, dissemination of technology in meetings and demo units with producers. The procedure of integrated production was compared with the conventional system, which is the one practiced by the producer.

The units of comparison (observation Units I, II and III) were carried out on three farms in the municipalities of Caçador, a farm in LebonRégis and a farm in Rio das Antas, belonging to the micro-region of Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe, and Experimental Station of EPAGRI/ Caçador (pilot plant). 

The entities involved in the financing are Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply – MAPA, National Council for Scientific and Technological Development -CNPq and Foundation of support to research and innovation of the State of Santa Catarina – FAPESC.

The participation of the University of the upper Alto Vale do rio do Peixe -UNIARPE started through prof. Leandro Marcuzzo when running prediction experiment of Bacterial Spot (Xanthomonas spp.) of the tomato plant. The participation of the Secretariat of Agriculture is institutional, took place through the financial contribution of the payment of wages of EPAGRI employees. The unions and producers association contributed with the dissemination of the days of field and technical meetings between the producers.

The results of these actions were disseminated through technical and scientific publications, field days, newspaper and magazine articles and lectures, as well as the presentation of papers at conferences.

 

4 - RESULTS ACHIEVED

Outstanding results with the use of the integrated production system, SISPIT are:

1) Production cost: the SISPIT provided reduction of up to 4,000 R$/ha with a real margin of gain of up to 40% higher than the conventional production (CP);

2) Driving system. The best method was the culture driving in vertical system using narrow ribbon or bamboo as tutors, which resulted in higher productivity, better plant health control and reduced production costs;

3) Fertilization: the IP provided a greater productivity and a significantly lower cost compared to the CP;

4) Disease Management: the use of the emergency alert system in the SISPIT allowed a smaller number of applications of fungicides, (23-28%), as well as on the amount of active ingredient (34.5-60.9%) compared to the CP. Productivity was significantly higher in IP (7.6-25.5%) and the cost reduction in fungicide exceeded R$960,00/ha;

5) Pest management: due to the adoption of the monitoring, a smaller number of applications of insecticides for the control of insects on IP in relation to CP was used; and

6) 25 publications involving the activity of integrated production were carried out and the production system is being finalized for publication in 2016.

 

5 - RESOURCES NEEDED

Required Equipment: Laboratory of plant pathology (1); Laboratory of Entomology (1); 10 computers; 4 x 4 tractor 75 HP-1; tractor 40cv; electric pump 1 hp; 200 l spray (1); calcareous-fertilizer distributor (1); grid (1); cart (1); vehicle (1); drip irrigation systems; Mini- agrometeorological station (1);

Labor: Phytopathologist-Doctor (2); Phytotechnician-Doctor (4); Entomologist-Dr. (2); Soil and Plant Nutrition – Doctor (1); Economist-Master (1); Agronomy Bachelor -specialization (1);

Inputs:Seeds 1 ha (13000 units); fertilizer NPK (60 sacks); etc.

 

6 - TRANSFER

For SISPIT technology transfer three demo units (DD) covering the municipalities of Caçador, Rio das Antas and LebonRégiswere used. In each location were installed agro-meteorological stations with the DUs for three consecutive harvests. The plant health and production data were disseminated through field days conducted in these same locations to farmers and technicians.

EMATER PR, through the technical offices of the municipality of Reserva (PR) and Marilândia (PR) developed demo units of SISPIT. The demonstration unit recently suffered continuity solution due to transfer of the agronomist engineer responsible. Marilândiawas repeated for two years and the developments of the officialization of specific technical standard (NTE) of tomatoes to give continuity to the system.

SISPIT-is described in the Production System of EPAGRI (in preparation) and follows a thematic set of standards outlined in the tomato NTE as instructed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply – MAPA.

 

7 - LESSONS LERNEAD

The rationalization of agricultural inputs, water and energy, the implementation of conservation practices and soil protection, management of insect pests and diseases in a timely manner, the ferti-irrigation by plant growth curve, the alert system (forecast) and the production costs can be related to good acceptance of SISPIT by producers. The implementation of comparative tests Integrated Production x Conventional Production, made by the producers themselves contributes a lot to the acceptance of the technology.

The biggest obstacle of this technique is the need of qualified elements (permanent technical assistance) and the acceptance of differentiated marketing on the part of the transport and marketing segments in the productive chain of the tomato. The lack of a federal and State legislation pertaining to certificated food production also appears as an obstacle in the expansion of integrated production.

 

8 - ORIGINALITY OF PRACTICE

The practice of the system of integrated production of tomato with tutoring (SISPIT) was originally developed by EPAGRI.

 

There is the possibility of visiting the SISPIT practice, under the terms to know:

-best time-between the months of January and February;

-maximum number of visitors- groups of 25 people.

 

Attachments:
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